At this point, Achilles is on the threshold of complete alienation from human feelings. Homer develops his comparison between the value systems of these two warriors. Troy is destined to fall, as Hector explains to his wife in Book 6.
He sees Menelaus, the man whose wife he carried off, and thinking better, fades back to a less prominent place. He also fights where he can be seen by those he leads.
His is not the craftiness of Odysseus, but an insightful, disciplined mind that requires little advice in grasping problems and crafting practical solutions.
Even his wife, Penelope, literally belongs to her husband. His return, and knowing that he will die in the war, makes him not only a hero but also a hero touched with tragedy. However, no simple explanation is possible. The poem consists of twenty-four scrolls, containing 15, lines of dactylic hexameter verse.
Only nightfall, says the Trojan commander, interrupted the progress of our arms. He tends to exemplify reason over passion. In contrast, Achilles has only Briseis, a prize of war.
Homer shows the need for both. There they are on the Trojan ramparts for a moment before Hector returns to the fray below. Patroklos even wears the armor of Achilles so that the Trojans will believe that Achilles has returned to battle. Eumaeus, the swineherd, and Philoetius, the cowherd, are exemplary in their loyalty to their master and his possessions.
Though Achilles points out that all men, whether brave or cowardly, meet the same death in the end, the poem never asks the reader to question the legitimacy of the ongoing struggle.
Neither warrior by himself embodies the values that result in ultimate success. Successful command depends on a balance between spiritedness and intellect. He was already quite a man when he left for the Trojan War 20 years before. Odysseus' growth is less linear.
He also knew a thing or two about alliances. Readers see more of themselves in Hektor, the family man who cares about his commitments. However, before looking at what Homer thinks about command, modern readers must appreciate how thoroughly practical is his understanding of war.
When Achilles faces Hector near the end of the Iliad, Hector wears armor he has stripped from Patroclus, armor that Achilles had loaned to his friend. Each will die a gruesome death.Oct 13, · Learn about themes in Homer's epic poem The Iliad with Course Hero's video study guide.
Explore Course Hero’s collection of free literature. A summary of Themes in Homer's The Iliad. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Iliad and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and. The theme of spiritual growth is central to The Odyssey, especially as it relates to Telemachus and Odysseus. When the epic opens, Telemachus is at a loss as to how to deal with the suitors who have taken over his home and seek the hand of his mother in marriage for primarily political reasons.
The main theme of the Iliad is stated in the first line, as Homer asks the Muse to sing of the "wrath of Achilles." This wrath, all its permutations, transformations, influences, and consequences, makes up the themes of the Iliad.
In essence, the wrath of Achilles allows Homer to present and develop. Iliad Influence on Western Civilization; Theme Analysis In Homer’s Iliad, war is Homer’s last comments on the futility of war come at the end of the Iliad.
The Epic of Gilgamesh (/ ˈ ɡ ɪ l ɡ ə ˌ m ɛ ʃ /) is an epic an analysis of the futility of war in the iliad an epic poem by homer poem from ancient Mesopotamia that is.
“The Iliad” (Gr: “Iliás”) is an epic poem by the ancient Greek poet Homer, which recounts some of the significant events of the final weeks of the Trojan War and the Greek siege of the city of Troy (which was also known as Ilion, Ilios or Ilium in ancient times).Download